Poetry Glossary
Alliteration: the deliberate repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words to gain a particular effect
Assonance: the deliberate repetition of vowel sounds to gain a particular effect
Context: something outside the text that affects its meaning, such as historical context, social context, language contexthelpButton.jpg
Dialect words: words from a particular dialect
Dramatic monologue: A poem supposedly spoken by a character
End-stopped lines: lines of verse which end with a full stop
Enjambement: the continuation of a sentence or phrase from one line into the next without a pause
Form: general way of organising a poem, eg: rhythm, rhyme, etc. There are some particular forms such as ballads and sonnets
Half-rhyme: words in which the consonants rhyme rather than the vowels
Hyperbole: deliberate exaggeration for effect
Iambic pentameter:a line of verse with five beats, which fall on the second pair of each pair
Imagery: language in a poem which conjures up an idea for the reader from one of the five senses. Specific forms of imagery include metaphors and similes
Metaphor: an image which makes an implied comparison by stating that something is the thing it resembles
Non-standard English: a variety of English other than standard eg: Caribbean English
Personification: a device whereby an abstract concept or non-living thing is represented as having human characteristics
Refrain:a recurring phrase or lines at the end of each stanza of poetry, like a chorus
Rhyme scheme: the way rhymes within a poem are organised
Rhyming couplets: two lines following one another which rhyme
Rhythm: the arrangement of words to form a regular beat through a pattern of stresses
Simile: a comparison between two things, using ‘like’ or ‘as’
Sonnet: a poem of fourteen in the en lines, usually ending with a rhyming couplet
Speaker: the ‘voice’ who is speaking in a poem written in first person
Stanza: a clearly demarcated part of the poem
Structure: how the author has organised his/her work into patterns. Some fixed form poems like sonnets have fixed structures of rhyme etc. but a poem might have structure in the way it is organised, what they open and close with, where a particular word or idea is placed
Symbol: something used to stand for or represent something else
Tone: the overall feeling or mood of poem